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Operation for removal of prostate adenoma. The types of surgical intervention.

In the male body after 40 years at the level of cell structure changes occur in the prostate gland associated with aging. BPH is a benign tumor that is formed due to growth of the cells.

It should be noted that, despite the fact that the tumor is benign – it increases with time, which leads to compression of the urethra. All of this ultimately leads to frequent urination, which is the main symptom of the above disease.

According to statistics the disease in men older than 50 years is detected in 50% of cases. With age, the number of cases is not decreasing, but is increasing. So in men aged 60-70 years this disease occurs in more than 70%.


What is a contributing factor to the emergence and subsequent development of this disease? The causes of this disease are currently not fully understood. Factor of the disease is late fertility in men.

Therefore, the probability of occurrence of benign prostatic hyperplasia is less in those men who have previously, is the beginning of involution of the gonads.

It should be noted the fact that BPH occurs in men younger than 50 years. What is the causes of this disease in men aged 30-40 years?

It features modern nutrition and inflammation of the genital organs, which are of a chronic nature, and the predisposition to disease of the prostate, which is hereditary.

Also cause of the disease is a stagnation of blood in the pelvic area. Stagnation of blood is due to the fact that most modern men are predominantly sedentary lifestyle, exercise is sporadic or nonexistent, alcohol consumption and Smoking also have a negative impact.


Only 10-15% of the stronger sex not the adenoma is progressive in nature. What is the result? To the fact that men appear disturbances in the functioning of the urinary system, which is a manifestation of the first symptom of the disease. Why is this happening? Due to the fact that the tissue of the prostate are slowly growing.

What caused the early symptoms of the disease? The fact that men suffering from BPH, there is a compression of the urethra and bladder, which leads to the above mentioned frequent urination.

So does the increase in the activity of various receptors on due to the fact that the tissue of the prostate gland is exposed tobenign hyperplasia. All this leads to the fact that the man with BPH, feeling the urge to urinate, unable to perform what they want.

The main symptoms include:

  • interrupted or weak flow of urine when urinating;
  • there is a feeling that the bladder is not fully emptied;
  • the urge to urinate more frequently (especially it becomes noticeable at night);
  • when urinating there is a kind of tension.

Late symptoms

If we talk about the later symptoms of the disease, then there is pain and urination becomes uncontrollable.

Will not be superfluous to note that the symptoms of BPH are similar to a very dangerous disease – cancer of the prostate.

For this reason, it is impossible to tighten with a visit to a qualified professional the first time you encounter complaints of difficulty with urination the patient should be carefully make a differential diagnosis just to make sure malignant or benign, he has a tumor.

Surgical treatment of the adenoma

Today there are several methods of surgical treatment of this disease.

Transurethral resection of the prostate

This is the most common surgery for prostate cancer. The operation is performed under local or General anesthesia. Prostate tissue is removed with a small instrument that is inserted through the urethra. Possible slight bleeding. Usually, after surgery occurs improvement of health, but some patients do experience complications.

Laser treatment

This method of treatment is performed through the urethra under local or General anesthesia. Areas of adenoma and destroy the laser output through the urethra.

However, laser surgery is not effective in all men.

Microwave treatment

Helps to reduce the symptoms of the disease. Areas of the prostate that compress the urethra, are destroyed. Treatment of BPH by microwave radiation is performed in the clinic.

May develop swelling of the prostate gland, in violation of the excretion of urine, so after the procedure, the male catheter, in which urine. When the swelling come down, the catheter is removed.

Needle ablation

This operation is performed by using radio waves that destroy the cellsof the adenoma.

Radio waves carried to the prostate by means of the apparatus, inserted into the urethra. The operation is performed under local anesthesia.

Stenting of the urethra

In this procedure, the initial part of the urethra is administered a small frame, which does not allow the inflamed prostate to squeeze the urethra. Stenting do when the General condition of man does not allow another operation.