The tests to identify prostatitis. Accurate methods for the diagnosis of the disease.
Before prescribe treatment of such serious diseases as prostatitis, it is necessary to undergo a thorough diagnosis and make laboratory research.
Medical history and what issues will interest the doctor
First, we need to collect a history.
The patient should talk with a doctor to talk about symptoms and pain, it is necessary to share with the doctor all the information that applies to this disease.
Information about the disease
During the conversation, you need to report the time of occurrence of pain and its nature, to clarify the presence of different factors that could influence the development and worsening of this disease.
Factors influencing the emergence of disease
The factors that can trigger the emergence and further development of prostatitis include the following:
- adverse and hazardous working conditions;
- bad habits (alcohol abuse, Smoking, etc.);
- venereal disease;
- treatment without consulting a doctor.
Comprehensive analysis of urine
To determine the treatment of prostatitis, the patient needs to undergo comprehensive urine analysis which will show the overall situation in the urethra, the presence of bacteria, protein and infections.
The secret of the prostate gland
This analysis takes during a rectal palpation of the prostate.
The main attention here is paid to the quantity of amyloid corpuscles, leukocytes, lecithin granules and lecithin granules.
Suspected acute form of the disease
If doctors suspect the patient has an acute form of prostatitis, then tested for secretion of the prostate not carried out, as in this case, this procedure can be painful and dangerous.
The analysis of secretions of the urethra
You must ensure that the prostatitis caused the defeat of the urethra. It is therefore necessary to make the analysis of secretions of the urethra, into which enter a special probe with a tampon.
The resulting material is used for making the smear, which will subsequently be investigated. In this study the main attention is paid to the presence of pathogens and leukocytes.
Examination of ejaculate
The survey, analysis for the presence of urogenital infections, which in most cases is the main cause of the emergence and development of this disease.
In addition, this infection is transmitted sexually.
Sometimes it happens that after passing all the tests, doctors still cannot determine the patient has acute prostatitis, then it is test, which is carried out before and after prostate massage.
Many doctors believe that the massage of an infected prostate increases the risk of development of sepsis (contactbacterial infection of the blood).
Therefore, the patient may order additional tests in such cases:
- if after the start of treatment the symptoms have passed.
- if the prostate is left infection.
- if the symptoms are caused by cancer of the prostate or bladder.
- if the doctor suspects complications associated with prostatitis.
If necessary, additional diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe the following tests:
- General analysis of blood.
- rectal examination shows the prostate size.
- the blood culture showing the presence of bacteria in the blood in acute prostatitis.
- a CT or magnetic resonance imaging the pelvic region.
- transrectal ultrasound of the pelvic region.
- prostate-specific antigen, which confirms or excludes cancer.
The most effective method